Here’s my table of properties and best uses of visual encodings. Feel free to download the PDF.
Update September 25, 2013: I wrote a whitepaper for IBM that explains the use of the table. (Free; quick registration required, sorry about that.)
Please note that I’m not the first person to create a table like this, this just happens to be my take on it. I got my first glimpse at this sort of table in Jock Mackinlay‘s PhD thesis from 1986.
A really nice table comparing inclusion of visual properties/attributes in tables has been put together by Richard Brath.